Two-humped Camel ( Camelus bactrianus )
The Two-humped Camel is bred in all the steppe countries of Central Asia, and is mainly used for the transportation of goods between China and the south of Siberia or Touran. In Bukhara and Turkenia it is gradually being replaced by the Dromedary, which takes its full place where the steppe takes on the characteristics of a desert.
The Sheep-ox or Muscus-ox , the Oemingarok der Eskimos ( Ovibos moschatus ), miraculously combines in itself the characteristics of the Cattle and of the Sheep; it is therefore necessary for us to consider him as a representative of a separate subfamily.
Sasi or Indian Antelope
The oldest civilized peoples, including the Indians, had no other Domestic Cattle than the Zeboe, or moreover, a breed that differs relatively little from them, as well as the long-horned breed of ancient Egyptians. Since the Zeboe beef is nowhere near in the wild, and since no bones of this animal have been found in the ancient layers of the earth, it is obvious that the Zeboe has evolved from other forms of Cattle.
Mouflon ( Ovis musimon ), the only Wild Sheep, which inhabits Europe - the mountains of Sardinia and Corsica. It is generally believed that the Mouflon was also found in other parts of Europe in earlier times, and was also found on the Balearic Islands and in Greece, among others; however, there is no firm evidence to support this view. Today the Mouflon is still found in troops, which are said to often consist of 50 copies, but usually have far fewer members.
Moon Sheep ( Ovis tragelaphus ), has a long drooping mane which makes a very peculiar impression. The coat consists of long, shaggy bristles and fine, frizzy woolly hair, which cover the entire body. The former extend to an upright, short, reminiscent of a mane crest at the top of the neck, neck and shoulders, and develop on the front and underside of the torso into dense, almost ground-hanging manes, which begin the throat and extend along the neck and forelimbs.
The most advantageous of all House sheep is nowadays considered the Merino sheep ( Ovis aries hispanica), which has acquired its characteristic peculiarities in Spain and was used successively to breed almost all European varieties. Of medium size and full-bodied, it is distinguished by its large head, which is flat on the forehead, arched along the back of the nose, and blunted at the snout; it has small eyes, large tear grooves, and moderately long, pointed ears.
The Lama , actually Llama ( Auchenia lama ), is mainly found in Peru and thrives best on the high plains. It grows a little larger than the Guanaco and is characterized by the calluses on the chest and on the front of the wrist joint. The head is narrow and short, the lips are hairy, the ears short, the soles large. The color offers great differences: there are white, black, variegated, reddish brown and white spotted, dark brown, ocher, flame red and others. The adult animal reaches a height of 2.6 to 2.8 M., measured from the sole to the crown; the shoulder height is approximately 1.2 M.
Hollandsch Rund (Bos taurus hollandicus)
Giraffe, taking something from the bottom
All movements of the Giraffe are strange. She presents herself at her best when she goes quietly; she then has a dignified and graceful appearance. Her gait is a slow, measured pace; both legs of one side are moved at the same time. If she wants to move faster, because of the apparent mismatch between the shoulder height and the height in the crotch (and between the height and the length of the torso) she falls into a remarkable stiff, weak and plump gallop, which however, because of the great width of each jump taken separately, it causes the animal to travel a great way in a short time.
Gaur (Gaurus Forest)
The spread area of the Gaur is very extensive. From the southern rush hour of India to the Himalaja, eastbound by Assam and Tittagong to Burma and the Malaysian Peninsula, den Gaur can be found everywhere, where verboschrich mountain or hill country, however steep.
Common Deer or Red Deer
Bison (Forest americanus)
Fate, which has fallen into the Wisent over the centuries, has affected his one-part relative the Bison, in unbelievable shortness, one could even say in a period of ten years. Before the age of man, millions of these colossal animals crossed amazingly vast tracts of North America;—today, only hundreds of Bisons roam around.
Bison ( Bos bison ). - Wisent
t; it can be seen with certainty that the Wisent used to be widespread throughout Europe and much of Asia. In the heyday of Greece, he was frequent in the present-day Boelgarije; in Middel-Europe, he was found almost everywhere at the time. Aristotle calls him "Bonassus", and gives him a clear description; Pliny mentions him under the name "Bison"; ancient writings mention this animal, in the 6th and 7th centuries; According to the Nibelungen song, it appeared in Waasgau.
The Bezoar goat ( Capra aegagrus) is smaller than the European Capricorn, but still considerably larger than our House Goat. The length of the adult buck is about 1.5 M. the height of the withers is 95 cm. and that of the cross 2 cM. more. The very large and robust, compressed on both sides, sharply edged on the back and front, but rounded and arched horns on the outside, the length of which already exceeds 40 cm in the case of medium-sized animals, and in the old often more than 80 cm. are strongly and uniformly curved from the root.
Shortly after the Angora goat became known in Europe, efforts have started to acclimatize it on our continent. So far, there has been no reason to complain about the results of these experiments, which have led to the breeding of this breed in Spain, Italy, France and Sweden; it is even said that the wool of animals born in France is finer than that of their ancestors.