Two other men with names greatly celebrated among the ancients may be referred to here, as representatives of what may be termed the Natural History group of sciences. One of them was a contemporary of Plato, the other was a pupil of Aristotle. The first is the famous physician HIPPOCRATES B.C. 470-375), to whom is attributed the foundation of medicine as a science. The healing of wounds and the cure of diseases is an art, and as such must have been practised in some form at a period coeval with the existence of mankind. The successful practice of this art depends largely upon knowledge of the causes, symptoms, and course of diseases, and upon a knowledge of the anatomy and physiology of the human body.
A favourite figure dance was universally adopted throughout the country, in which two partners, who were usually men, advanced toward each other, or stood face to face upon one leg, and having performed a series of movements, retired again in opposite directions, continuing to hold by one hand and concluding by turning each other round.
The World According to Eratosthenes, 200 B.C.
The Western Mediterranean, 800-600 B.C.
The Known World, about 250 B.C
Rowers in an Athenian warship, about 400 B.C. (Fragment of relief found on the Acropolis)
Roman Empire at Death of Augustus
Roman Coin Struck to Commemorate the Victory over Pyrrhus and His Elephants.