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Mounted Crossbowman, with Cranequin crossbow, and a quarrel in his hat

Mounted  Crossbowman, with Cranequin crossbow, and a quarrel in his hat.png Gallo-Roman WeaponsThumbnailsThe Saracen QuintainGallo-Roman WeaponsThumbnailsThe Saracen QuintainGallo-Roman WeaponsThumbnailsThe Saracen Quintain

Doubtless on the coasts of Scandinavia and North Germany, the chief
home of these composite crossbows after the time of the Crusades, whalebone
was easily obtainable, whilst in other parts of the Continent, the pieces which
formed the heart of the bow, were made from the straightened horn of an
animal.
This ancient form of crossbow with a composite bow, survived in an
improved form in Scandinavia and in the north of Europe, as a weapon
of sport and war, till about 1460, or for nearly a hundred years after the
far superior crossbow with a thick steel bow and a windlass had been in use in
France, Spain and Italy. Some of these later weapons were made so strong
in the fifteenth century, that after the invention of the powerful cranequin
for bending steel bows, this apparatus was also employed for bending the
composite bow