Diagram of the ventricles and the senses
Illustrating the general ideas on anatomy current at the Renaissance
Diagram of the senses, the humours, the cerebral ventricles, and the intellectual facultie
The layers of the head
Venice, 1496, showing the ventricles of the brain
The figure shows the ten layers of the head
Leonardo Da Vincis diagram of the heart
Roger Bacons diagram of the Eye
The First printed map of England
a lecture on anatomy
The first picture of dissection in an English-printed book
A dissection scene
Title-page of Mellerstadt’s edition of the Anatomy of Mondino, Leipzig, 1493. The scene is laid in the open air
The figure shows a professor and pupil. The former is demonstrating the bones of a skeleton.
The first printed picture of dissection
An anatomical diagram of about 1298
Dante’s scheme of the universe
Slightly modified from Michelangelo Caetani, duca di Sermoneta, La materia della Divina Commedia di Dante Allighieri dichiarata in VI tavole, Monte Cassino, 1855.
Celestial influences on men animals and plants
From THE LUCCA MS fo. 37 r
Reconstructed from her measurements. ab, cd, and ef are all equal to each other, as are also gh, hk, and kl. The clouds are situated in the outer part of the aer tenuis, and form a prolongation downwards from the aer aquosus towards the earth.
The Universe (from the Heidelberg Codex of the Scivias)
The scientific views of Hildegard are embedded in a theological setting, and are mainly encountered in the Scivias and the Liber divinorum operum simplicis hominis. To a less extent they appear occasionally in her Epistolae and in the Liber vitae meritorum.
Hildegard’s First Scheme of the Universe (slightly simplified from the Wiesbaden Codex B, fo. 14 r)
The Hildegard Country
Hildegard receiving the Light from Heaven (Wiesbaden Codex B, fo. 1 r)
The idea of a close parallelism between the structure of man and of the wider universe was gradually abandoned by the scientific, while among the unscientific it degenerated and became little better than an insane obsession. As such it appears in the ingenious ravings of the English follower of Paracelsus, the Rosicrucian, Robert Fludd, who reproduced, often with fidelity, the systems which had some novelty five centuries before his time.