He is thrown flat upon his face, and held in that position by one, or
more, if necessary, of the magistrate's attendants kneeling upon his
back, whilst another applies the pan-tsee to his posteriors.
The pan-tsee is a thick piece of split bamboo cane, the lower end of
which is about four inches in width, and the upper end small and smooth , to render the instrument more convenient for the hand. Mandarins of
power have usually some persons in their train , who attend them with
these pan-tsees , whenever they travel, or go into public, and who are
ready, at the nod of their master, to exercise their office in the manner described .* After this ceremony, it is customary for the delinquent to return thanks to the Mandarin , for the good care he takes of his