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A physician bleeding a patient. 

A PHYSICIAN BLEEDING A PATIENT.jpg A Silversmith weighing clipped coins ThumbnailsSpinning thread or yarnA Silversmith weighing clipped coins ThumbnailsSpinning thread or yarn

A physician bleeding a patient. (Conjectural sketch by Sidney E. King.)

One of the members of the first colony was a surgeon, William Wilkinson by name. As the colony grew, other surgeons, physicians, and apothecaries, emigrated to Virginia. Their lot was not easy, for it appears that they were seldom idle in an island community having more than its share of “cruell diseases, Swellings, Flixes, Burning Fevers, warres and meere famine.”

During archeological explorations, drug jars, ointment pots, bleeding bowls, mortars and pestles, small bottles and vials, and parts of surgical instruments were recovered. These, undoubtedly, were used countless times at Jamestown by unknown “chirurgions,” doctors of “physickes,” and apothecaries—men who tried to keep the colonists well with their limited medical equipment and scant supply of drugs.

The Project Gutenberg EBook of New Discoveries at Jamestown by John L. Cotter J. Paul Hudson Published 1957